Two Basic Methods of Buddhist Meditation

Buddhism is considered as one of the important practices for promoting the path of enlightenment. Buddhist meditation is adopted from the Buddha’s teaching that come into being from his experience of awakening. The Eightfold path and Four Noble truths form their journey to the path of enlightenment. Following are the two basic methods that Buddhist meditation uphold as the beginning guide of Buddhist meditation.


The first method is called samatha which means tranquility and peace. Samatha initially began with one purpose and concentration in mind. The student who learn the techniques of this Buddhist meditation required to opt from forty subjects that include the 10 kasinas. This technique usually followed mindfulness of breathing anapanasati”

In this first method, by focusing on your breathing, you try to calm both your body and mind. It is believed that, on one particular point of view ie.the major five hindrances in life such as sensual desire, ill-will, doubt, anxiety and sloth. Thus, by meditation you can reach to the inner states of mind and rapture with great happiness called Jhanas. However, you still doesn’t attain enlightenment here.


The second method is called Vipassana which means insight. In this method, you tries to inspect things as it is and admitting the truth of yourself and what you do. This is your first state of bare awareness called Vipassana.

However, you have to keep the three marks that lie underneath of all phenomena at the same time. Those three marks are dukkha-which means suffering, anatta-not self and anicca-impermanence. Thus, this methods unlike Samatha will help you to reach the goal on enlightenment.

Both these methods are use to reach the goal of enlightenment:

In the beginning state of meditation, you may start with the first method Samatha. As you continue practicing and when you achieved the art of full concentration, you can move towards the the second method Vipassana.

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